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Famous Persons

Sweden is the origin for some very interesting persons, such as Alfred Nobel or Ingvar Kamprad, the founder of IKEA. The former, as you might know, invented the dynamite and got a prize named after him, the Nobel Prize. If you’re visiting Sweden, these are people we are proud of.

Ingvar Kamprad

 

Ingvar Kamprad - The founder of IKEA

 

Ingvar Feodor Kamprad was born in March the 30th, 1926. He is the founder of IKEA, a retrail company. He is the eleventh wealthiest person in the world as of 2010; his company has an estimated net worth of around 23 billion USD ($).

Kamprad began to develop a business sense as early as a young boy, selling matches to his neighbors. He had found out that he could buy them in bulk very cheaply from the nearby city, Stockhom, and then selling them individually at a low price, and still make a good profit.

He went from matches, to fish, Christmas tree decorations and seeds and later ballpoint pens and pencils. When he became 17, his father gave him a cash reward for succeeding in his studies, which he then invested to establish what has grown to become what we know as IKEA.

Sources: Näringslivshistoria on Kamrad and Invar Kamprad article on Wikipedia

Alfred Nobel

 

Alfred Nobel and the invention of the dynamite

 

Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden the October the 21st, 1833 and died at Sanremo, Italy in December the 10th, 1896. Alfred Nobel was a Swedish engineer, chemist, armaments producer and the inventor of dynamite. He held 355 different patents, dynamite being the most famous.

After reading the newspapers which condemned Alfred for being “The merchant of death”, he was concerned how he would be remembered. In November the 27th, 1895, Nobel signed his testament and set aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prizes. He then died of a stroke in 1896. After taxes, Nobel’s last will gave 31 million Swedish Kronor (equivalent to about 49 million USD ($)) to fund the prizes.

The Nobel prizes are given to persons who make advances in Physics, Chemistry, Medecine, Literature and Peace. Each recipient is given a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of money which depends on the foundation’s income. Last year, each prize was worth approximately 10 million kronor (1.4 million USD ($)).

Sources: Näringslivshistoria on Nobel and Alfred Nobel article on Wikipedia

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One Comment leave one →
  1. October 20, 2010 15:31

    I believe Alfred lost his brother because of dynamite… That is harsh.

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